Nutrition is one of the decisive factors affecting the physical performance. It supplies energy for exercise, delays or prevents fatigue of the organism and ensure its adequate regeneration after exercise.
Quality nutrition and precise diet plan allows quality exercise and develops physical capacity.
Athlete’s diet is different from diet for a healthy lifestyle in its higher energy amount due to the athlete’s higher energy expenditure spending during the physical activity. In other words, athlete can eat more than a non-athlete. Besides athlete must also see a precise distribution of meals during a day, respectively he must eat specific nutrients (such as carbohydrates, proteins, fat) in specific times (such as before, during, or after exercise).
Depending on the type of physical activity, the athlete’s diet is also specific. Strength/power athlete has different nutritional requirements than endurance athlete. If proteins are preferred over carbohydrates and fats in strength/power athletes, the endurance athletes prefer exactly the opposite.
Last but not least, requirements of competitive athlete differ from recreational athlete. Recreational athletes don’t need a specific diet plan because they do not exercise repeatedly in a day. On the other hand, physical activity put extra demands on the human body – the body produces more energy, loses fluid, minerals and muscles and joints are loaded. Therefore, nutrition and rest should not be underestimated even in recreational athletes
Recreational athletes should follow the principles of healthy nutrition, with higher intake of certain nutrients and minerals. Healthy balanced diet plan reduces the risk of injury and other health problems that may occur in the context of the exercise.